Passiv

Englisch The passiveDeutsch das Passiv

Das Passiv drückt aus, was mit einer Person oder Sache geschieht. Die Umwandlung von einem Aktiv- in einen Passivsatz ist nur möglich, wenn der Aktivsatz über ein Objekt verfügt.
Das Objekt des Aktivsatzes wird zum Subjekt des Passivsatzes.
Das Subjekt des Aktivsatzes wird zum Objekt des Passivsatzes. Es kann mit dem Wörtchen "by" an den Satz angehängt werden (entspricht dem deutschen "von"). Wenn der Verursacher der Handlung unbekannt oder nicht von Bedeutung ist, lässt man den "by-agent" ("by" + Objekt) einfach weg.

Beispiel:

Aktiv: Mr King closes the window.
Passiv: The window is closed (by Mr King).

  • Simple Present
  • Bejahter Satz: Subjekt + am / are / is + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: The two girls are driven to school.
    Verneinter Satz: Subjekt + am / are / is + not + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: The windows are not (aren't) cleaned every day.
    Fragesatz: (Fragewort +) am / are / is + Subjekt + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: Why is the dinner made by Mr King?

  • Present Progressive
  • Bejahter Satz: Subjekt + am / are / is + being + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: The two girls are being driven to school at the moment.
    Verneinter Satz: Subjekt + am / are / is + not + being + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: The windows are not (aren't) cleaned every day.
    Fragesatz: (Fragewort +) am / are / is + Subjekt + being + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: Why is the dinner being made by Mr King?

  • Simple Past
  • Bejahter Satz: Subjekt + was / were + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: The two girls were driven to school.
    Verneinter Satz: Subjekt + was / were + not + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: The windows were not (weren't) cleaned every day
    Fragesatz: (Fragewort +) was / were + Subjekt + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: Why was the dinner made by Mr King?

  • Past Progressive
  • Bejahter Satz: Subjekt + was / were + being + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: The two girls were being driven to school at 9 a.m..
    Verneinter Satz: Subjekt + was / were + not + being + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: The windows were not (aren't) being cleaned yesterday afternoon.
    Fragesatz: (Fragewort +) was / were + Subjekt + being + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: Why was the dinner being made by Mr King last week?

  • Present Perfect
  • Bejahter Satz: Subjekt + have / has + been + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: The two girls have been driven to school.
    Verneinter Satz: Subjekt + have / has + not + been + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: The windows have not (haven't) been cleaned today.
    Fragesatz: (Fragewort +) have / has + Subjekt + been + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: Why has the dinner been made by Mr King?

  • Past Perfect
  • Bejahter Satz: Subjekt + had + been + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: The two girls had been driven to school when the father got up.
    Verneinter Satz: Subjekt + had + not + been + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: The windows had not (hadn't) been cleaned when the kids wanted to have lunch.
    Fragesatz: (Fragewort +) had + Subjekt + been + 3. Form des Verbs (+ by-agent)
    Beispiel: Why had the dinner been made by Mr King when Mrs King came home from work?

  • Future
  • Bejahter Satz: Subjekt + will + be + 3. Form des Verbs (+by-agent)
    Beispiel: The two girls will be driven to school.
    Verneinter Satz: Subjekt + will + not + be + 3. Form des Verbs (+by-agent)
    Beispiel: The windows will not (won't) be cleaned.
    Fragesatz: (Fragewort +) will + Subjekt + be + made (+by-agent)
    Beispiel: Why will the dinner be made by Mr King?

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